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The Big6™ Research Process
Information for Teachers



The Big6™ and the Super3™ are registered trademarks for an information skills curriculum that was co-developed by Dr. Mike Eisenberg and Bob Berkowitz.
Big6 website: www.big6.com
Teacher Tips:
  • Big6 works best when there is collaboration between the classroom teacher and the media specialist, so include your media specialist in the planning of the project and in the teaching of research skills.
    Collaboration Planning Template for teacher and media specialist
    Big6 Instructional Unit Template to be completed jointly by teacher and media specialist
  • Use the sample forms and websites that are included on this site for additional information.
  • Be aware that giving your students opportunities to learn research skills not only meets our Information Skills. Curriculum Objectives but also helps them become better problem solvers, critical thinkers, and decision makers.



1. Task Definition
1.1 Define the information task (problem to solve or assignment to complete)
1.2 Identify information needed to complete the assignment or to solve the information problem
2. Information-Seeking Strategies
2.1 Determine the range of possible sources (brainstorm)
2.2 Evaluate the different possible sources to determine priorities (select the best sources)
3. Location and Access
3.1 Locate sources (intellectually and physically)
3.2 Find information within sources
     Guide students to a variety of information and include resources such as print materials (books, magazines), Internet sites, non-print materials (videos, maps), community resources (people, public library), Dewey Decimal Call Numbers, and search strategies (keywords and phrases).
Online Databases
      NC Wise Owl
      Kids Know It
      Fact Monster
      Awesome Library  
      Dib Dab Doo and Dilly Too!--kid safe searching for younger students!
Help students find the best source of information: Introduce them to:  NoodleQuest
Great places for teachers to find Internet sites and resources to support school projects
4. Use of Information
4.1 Engage (read, hear, view) the information within a source
4.2 Extract relevant information from a source

Note-taking - Techniques for note-taking can be found at these sites:

Graphic Organizers provide a way to organize information for note-taking, brainstorming, presentation and more. Several excellent graphic organizers can be found at these sites:

Citing Sources:
     EasyBib (Google Drive Add-On)
Copyright and plagiarism
Copyright for Kids
     Plagiarism for Kids
5. Synthesis
5.1 Organize information from different sources
5.2 Present the information
6. Evaluation
6.1 Judge the product (effectiveness)
6.2 Judge the information problem-solving process (efficiency)
  • Grades should not be a surprise to students! They should be able to evaluate their own work before submitting to the teacher. Project rubrics or checklists should be created and presented to students at the beginning of the assignment.
  • RubiStar Maker- Make your own rubric by selecting different categories from this excellent online tool.
  • Project Checklists- Customize your own checklist for project based learning.